Manufacture teca fabrics
Yarns and fabrics
A yarn is an ordered set of many fibers. The filitura, which was once a long procedure that was carried out by hand, today is carried out completely by machine, using the power of electricity.
Spinning means transforming a textile fiber into a uniform and resistant thread; therefore the yarn is the product of this transformation.
Spinning is the set of all those processes that starting from staple fibers lead to the production of threads.
The basic characteristics of the yarns are: twist and count.
The twist can be right (called Z), or left (called S).
The yarns are said to be "unique" when they are made up of a single twisted garment with a certain number of turns per meter; "twisted" when they are formed by two or more heads twisted together in an opposite direction to the first twisting.
The title of the yarns is the conventional notation referred to the fineness and represents the relationship between length and weight. In this system, the higher the title and the higher the fineness. For cotton, the English title is used, which considers the length of 840 yards (equal to 768 meters) and the pound (equal to 453.6 grams).
For twisted yarns the title is expressed with a fraction whose numerator represents the title of the simple yarn and the denominator is the number of heads (example: 120/2).
Each fabric is made up of a very thick weave of fine threads; the way the weave determines the structure of the fabrics and is the basis for the criteria with which they are classified.